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Troop laden LVT-4 amphibious tractors head for the "purple" and "orange" landing beach area, just before "H-hour" of the invasion of Okinawa, 1 April 1945. In the background, USS TENNESSEE (BB-43) fires her 5"/38 secondary battery at the objective area.

Happy Birthday Devil Dogs

By Arif Patani, Naval History and Heritage Command Communication and Outreach Division

On November 10, 1775, the Continental Congress approved a resolution to establish two battalions of Marines “able to fight for independence at sea and on shore.” Since that day, the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps have teamed together and become one of the strongest and most effective expeditionary forces the world has ever known.

Today, on the 241st birthday of the United States Marine Corps, using some of the best imagery we could find, we take a look back at the history of our two services working together. Happy Birthday, Devil Dogs! Oorah and Semper Fi!
 

LVTs retracting from the Iwo Jima beaches after landing the initial waves of Marines, during the morning of 19 February 1945. USS Tennessee (BB-43) is in the right center. The original image has a Steichen Unit photo number and is attributed to LtJG Gene Senier (whose name does not appear in contemporary U.S. Navy Registers).
LVTs retracting from the Iwo Jima beaches after landing the initial waves of Marines, during the morning of 19 February 1945. USS Tennessee (BB-43) is in the right center. The original image has a Steichen Unit photo number and is attributed to LtJG Gene Senier (whose name does not appear in contemporary U.S. Navy Registers).

 

Palma, Spain (April 13, 2006) - Commander, U.S. Sixth Fleet, Vice Adm. John Stufflebeem, congratulates the crew aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Nassau (LHA 4) on the completion of a successful deployment. Nassau served as the flagship for Expeditionary Strike Group Eight (ESG-8) during the scheduled six-month deployment to the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean in support of Maritime Security Operations. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate 3rd Class Andrew King (RELEASED)
Palma, Spain (April 13, 2006) – Commander, U.S. Sixth Fleet, Vice Adm. John Stufflebeem, congratulates the crew aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Nassau (LHA 4) on the completion of a successful deployment. Nassau served as the flagship for Expeditionary Strike Group Eight (ESG-8) during the scheduled six-month deployment to the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean in support of Maritime Security Operations. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer’s Mate 3rd Class Andrew King (RELEASED)

 

NH 101539
Sailors and Marines of the ship’s Rifle Team, posing with a trophy and Krag-Jorgensen rifles, circa 1909. Note Gun Pointer, First Class, and former-Naval Apprentice marks worn by the men kneeling in the center. Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold, USN.

 

USN 1114000-D
Flight deck with combat equipped Marines boarding helicopters for a landing at Vung Mu, Vietnam, during operation Dagger Thrust, December 1965.

 

Aboard USS Iwo Jima (Aug. 14, 2003) -- Marines from the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) wait on the flight deck of USS Iwo Jima prior to boarding one of nine helicopters bound for Monrovia, Liberia. The Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group launched Marines assigned to the 26th MEU in support of peacekeeping efforts in the war-torn capitol of Monrovia. U.S. Navy photo by PhotographerÕs Mate Airman Apprentice Christian N. Knoell. (RELEASED)
Aboard USS Iwo Jima (Aug. 14, 2003) — Marines from the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) wait on the flight deck of USS Iwo Jima prior to boarding one of nine helicopters bound for Monrovia, Liberia. The Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group launched Marines assigned to the 26th MEU in support of peacekeeping efforts in the war-torn capitol of Monrovia. U.S. Navy photo by PhotographerÕs Mate Airman Apprentice Christian N. Knoell. (RELEASED)

 

NH 79419-KN
Oil painting on canvas by V. Zveg, 1973, depicting Continental Sailors and Marines landing on New Providence Island, Bahamas, on 3 March 1776. Their initial objective, Fort Montagu, is in the left distance. Close off shore are the small vessels used to transport the landing force to the vicinity of the beach. They are (from left to right): two captured sloops, schooner Wasp and sloop Providence. The other ships of the American squadron are visible in the distance.

 

NH 52044
Ship’s officers, crew and Marines aboard USS Kentucky (BB 6), circa 1914. Most of the Marines are wearing khaki field uniforms.

 

SUBIC BAY, Philippines (Oct. 11, 2016) Marines with the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) walk past the amphibious assault ship USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6). Bonhomme Richard is in Subic Bay to pick up 31st MEU personnel and equipment following Philippine Amphibious Landing Exercise (PHIBLEX) 33. PHIBLEX 33 is an annual U.S.-Philippine military bilateral exercise combining amphibious landing and live-fire training with humanitarian civic assistance efforts to strengthen interoperability and working relationships. U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 1st Class David Holmes (Released)
SUBIC BAY, Philippines (Oct. 11, 2016) Marines with the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) walk past the amphibious assault ship USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6). Bonhomme Richard is in Subic Bay to pick up 31st MEU personnel and equipment following Philippine Amphibious Landing Exercise (PHIBLEX) 33. PHIBLEX 33 is an annual U.S.-Philippine military bilateral exercise combining amphibious landing and live-fire training with humanitarian civic assistance efforts to strengthen interoperability and working relationships. U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 1st Class David Holmes (Released)

 

USS Cowpens (CVL-25) Ship's Marines line up on the flight deck for physical drill, circa mid-1943. Planes on the flight deck include F6F, SBD and TBM types. Note SK radar antenna mounted on the stub mast between the stacks and inflatable life belts worn by many of the men on deck. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
USS Cowpens (CVL-25) Ship’s Marines line up on the flight deck for physical drill, circa mid-1943. Planes on the flight deck include F6F, SBD and TBM types. Note SK radar antenna mounted on the stub mast between the stacks and inflatable life belts worn by many of the men on deck. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

 

U.S. Navy doctors and corpsmen administer to wounded Marines at an Iwo Jima first aid station, 20 February 1945. Navy Chaplain Lieutenant (Junior Grade) John H. Galbreath (right center) is kneeling beside a man who has severe flash burns, received in an artillery battery fifty yards or so away. Photographed by Warrant Officer Obie Newcomb, Jr., USMCR.
U.S. Navy doctors and corpsmen administer to wounded Marines at an Iwo Jima first aid station, 20 February 1945. Navy Chaplain Lieutenant (Junior Grade) John H. Galbreath (right center) is kneeling beside a man who has severe flash burns, received in an artillery battery fifty yards or so away. Photographed by Warrant Officer Obie Newcomb, Jr., USMCR.

 

NH 97690-KN
USS Ranger (CV-61) Marines and Sailors of the carrier’s crew man the rails as she leaves Honolulu, Hawaii, on 10 March 1989, en route to the western Pacific.

 

Troop laden LVT-4 amphibious tractors head for the "purple" and "orange" landing beach area, just before "H-hour" of the invasion of Okinawa, 1 April 1945. In the background, USS TENNESSEE (BB-43) fires her 5"/38 secondary battery at the objective area.
Troop laden LVT-4 amphibious tractors head for the “purple” and “orange” landing beach area, just before “H-hour” of the invasion of Okinawa, 1 April 1945. In the background, USS TENNESSEE (BB-43) fires her 5″/38 secondary battery at the objective area.

 

HONG KONG (Sept. 29, 2016) Sailors and Marines, assigned to the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), man the rails as the amphibious transport dock ship USS Green Bay (LPD 20) pulls into Hong Kong. Green Bay, part of the Bonhomme Richard Expeditionary Strike Group, is operating in Hong Kong in support of security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Patrick Dionne/Released)
HONG KONG (Sept. 29, 2016) Sailors and Marines, assigned to the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), man the rails as the amphibious transport dock ship USS Green Bay (LPD 20) pulls into Hong Kong. Green Bay, part of the Bonhomme Richard Expeditionary Strike Group, is operating in Hong Kong in support of security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Patrick Dionne/Released)

 

NH 50709
View at Amoy, China taken from Kulangsoo showing the port and U.S. destroyers anchored there, circa 1928. Two of the ships identifiable are: USS PEARY (DD-226), on right, and USS PRUITT (DD-347) on left.

 

Pacific Ocean – Cpl. Ryan Dills communicates with other assault amphibious vehicles while traveling from amphibious assault ship USS America to Royal Australian Navy Canberra class amphibious ship HMAS Canberra (L02). The Marines are participating in the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2016, a multinational military exercise, from June 29 to Aug. 4 in and around the Hawaiian Islands. Participation in RIMPAC will help us develop mutual trust and respect across the joint and combined team through increased understanding of allied and partner cultures, competencies, and capabilities. Dills is a vehicle commander with Combat Assault Company, 3rd Marine Regiment and is a native of Sonora, CA.
Pacific Ocean – Cpl. Ryan Dills communicates with other assault amphibious vehicles while traveling from amphibious assault ship USS America to Royal Australian Navy Canberra class amphibious ship HMAS Canberra (L02). The Marines are participating in the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2016, a multinational military exercise, from June 29 to Aug. 4 in and around the Hawaiian Islands. Participation in RIMPAC will help us develop mutual trust and respect across the joint and combined team through increased understanding of allied and partner cultures, competencies, and capabilities. Dills is a vehicle commander with Combat Assault Company, 3rd Marine Regiment and is a native of Sonora, CA.

 

For more information, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website.